Effect of Pesticides on Environmental Health


  • Tarık Özdemir Aydın Adnan Menderes University
  • E. Didem Evci Kiraz Aydın Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Aydın, Turkey


Pesticide, Pesticide Applications in the World and Turkey, Environmental Health, Toxic


Pesticides are chemicals used to kill and control harmful organisms. While pesticides, which are the most frequently used method in agricultural struggle, have many advantages, they also have many disadvantages in terms of environmental health. Intensive agriculture is a necessity in response to the increasing world population. Pesticides are also an efficient, economical and fast method for this agriculture. However, the negative effects of pesticides on environmental health have become more evident with the results of research conducted in recent years. Pesticide overuse also harms non-target organisms and poses a long-term threat to the ecosystem. In this study, the effects of pesticides used in plant protection on the environment were examined in terms of air, water and soil components within the framework of the literature. Literature review, one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the research. The main purpose of this research is
to evaluate the negative effects of the unconscious use of pesticides on the environment. The harms of uncontrolled pesticide use applied
in the world and in Turkey on the environment are discussed together with the results of previous studies. As a result of the research, recommendations for pesticide use are listed. Gathering organizations providing services on plant and environmental health under one
roof, developing pesticide licensing systems and bringing them to Western standards, restricting pesticide use in areas close to water sources, providing training and certification to those who will apply pesticides, conducting necessary inspections, making necessary analyzes on pesticide residues, It can be listed as bringing biological intervention to the agenda as an alternative to struggle. The results of the research are expected to contribute to the literature.