City Health Journal 2023-11-01T11:38:42+00:00 Prof. Dr. E. Didem Evci Kiraz Open Journal Systems <p>City Health Journal is an international, peer reviewed and open-access scientific publication for the academical papers on the fields of city health and public health to be published.</p> <p>City Health Journal aims to bring together the parties dealing in the fields of city and health on a joint platform. The Journal shall be an academical journal including the scientific studies, researches and analyses conducted for developing the health and wellbeing of the people living in cities. This international journal shall provide contribution to strengthening the governance among the parties included in the making and implementation of policies in regards to the topic of city health and health environment. It shall be a journal as a reference source for the decision support mechanisms on the topics of formation of health cities.</p> <p>City Health Journal is an internationally peer-reviewed journal that aims to serve as an effective tool for the researchers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and public institutions working on the fields of health and urbanisation to share their scientific assessments, research findings and analyses.</p> <p>Scientific studies that enable points intersecting between the two different disciplines of city and health to be analysed on a joint platform. Study and research conclusions on topics such as city health emergencies, local preparedness against health emergencies, city health development plan, social participation, health impact evaluation, poverty, social determinants of health, social services, sustainable development, transportation, environment and health, city management and city planning shall be taken into assessment to be used in the journal.</p> <p>Each paper submitted to City Health Journal is initially assessed by editor. Afterwards, the peer review process commences for the selected papers. Double-blind review hiding names of authors is utilised during the reviewing process for <em>the papers submitted to City Health Journal</em>. Papers may be submitted electronically by using the below link on the website of the journal. There is no application or publishing fee for submitting your paper. Authors have to present their ORCID numbers during application.</p> SCENARIO – BASED APPROACH TO DETERMINE EXHAUST POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM HEAVY DUTY ROAD TRAFFIC ALONG A SEGMENT OF THE PAN-EUROPEAN CORRIDOR 10 2023-07-18T14:10:17+00:00 Nikola Manev <p>Heavy duty vehicles (HDV) play a significant role in the urban and extra-urban pollution derived from mobile sources. Due to their dynamic nature and complex pollution processes and mechanisms, quantifying such emissions is often lacking from national inventories. This paper aims to provide an insight into the extra-urban exhaust pollutant emission quantities that are a direct result from HDVs traversing the Pan-European Corridor 10. To achieve this, the paper uses publicly available and on-site testing data, and further it devises two scenarios that take account of the border passing and pay-toll waiting period for these types of vehicles. The motive behind writing this paper is that creating suitable and applicable scenarios may help in devising policies that will lead to decreasing the emission of pollutants from mobile sources, which will also decrease the overall pollutant concentration and improve the overall air quality.</p> 2023-11-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 City Health Journal COMBINING DIFFERENT FOSSIL FUEL TYPES USED IN CEMENT INDUSTRY WITH RDF AS ALTERNATIVE FUEL AND ANALYZING THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACT 2023-05-22T12:43:24+00:00 Monika Uler Zefik Dame Dimitrovski <p>In Macedonia, the recycling rate is extremely low, representing only 1% of the total generated waste, leading to large amounts of waste being landfilled. A solution in line with the waste management hierarchy regarding waste disposal is waste recovery represented through energy valorization by utilizing the remaining valuable components of waste. In order to avoid throwing waste into landfills, there is a possibility to use it as an energy source for clinker production. In the paper, the energy potential of different fossil fuels is analyzed and the environmental aspect from pairing fossil fuels with refuse-derived fuel (RDF) in the cement production process. According to the national legal framework, the cement industry is permitted to use different waste types as alternative fuels, including RDF. The considered cement industry can implement alternative fuels in the production process with amounts up to 30,000 - 35,000 tons per year. The calculations regarding CO<sub>2</sub> emissions were performed for 5 different scenarios with various shares of alternative fuels in the fuel mix composition, starting with 0%, continuing with 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%. Also, an economic effect achieved due to the replaced thermal energy source was calculated, expressed as mass saving of fossil fuel and financial saving derived. The performed calculations showed when RDF is used in the fuel mix with 75% the CO<sub>2</sub> emission reduction is 2.9% when used with coal, 7.3% when combined with lignite, and around 2% when combusted with petrol coke. Economic benefits are generated from the mass reduction of fossil fuels by their substitution with RDF. The maximal, theoretical substitution rate was 100% RDF where the financial savings from the reduced coal consumption were calculated to be above 12 million euro, from heavy fuel oil (HFO) saved were below 23,5 million euro, from reduced lignite usage were above 37 million, and from petrol coke saved were 15,4 million euro.</p> 2023-11-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 City Health Journal The Relationship between Air Pollution and Autism 2023-09-20T13:55:20+00:00 Belgin YILDIRIM Emine Didem EVCİ KİRAZ Tarık ÖZDEMİR <p>With this study; It was aimed to investigate the link between air pollution and autism. It is a scientific fact that air pollution has negative effects on the health of living things. It affects human health in many ways, from cardiovascular diseases to lung diseases, from psychological disorders to cancer. Although people themselves are affected by the polluted air they breathe, babies who are still in the womb can also get diseases caused by this pollution. One of them is autism spectrum disorder (ASD). According to the researches, Turkey is the 6th most polluted country among the other countries in the European region, and the PM2.5 uq/m<sup>3</sup> density, which is among the air pollutants, was 18.7 uq/m<sup>3</sup> in 2020, while this rate increased to 3.74% in 2021. It was observed that it was measured as 20.0 uq/m<sup>3</sup> with an increase. Among the 15 most polluted cities in the European region, Iğdır province was seen to be in the first place with a density of 66.2 μg/m<sup>3</sup>, and it was understood that Iğdır province breathed 13.24 μg/m<sup>3</sup> times more polluted air according to WHO standards (maximum 5 μg/m<sup>3</sup>). While 1 out of 2,500 children was born with autism in the USA in 1970, there has been a rapid acceleration over the years and this rate has increased to 1 in 44 children for 2021. The rate of increase in the number of children with autism from 1970 to 2021 in the USA is 5,680%. The research revealed that there is a link between air pollution and OSB.</p> 2023-11-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 City Health Journal