City Health Journal http://cityhealthj.org/index.php/cityhealthj <p>City Health Journal is an international, peer reviewed and open-access scientific publication for the academical papers on the fields of city health and public health to be published.</p> <p>City Health Journal aims to bring together the parties dealing in the fields of city and health on a joint platform. The Journal shall be an academical journal including the scientific studies, researches and analyses conducted for developing the health and wellbeing of the people living in cities. This international journal shall provide contribution to strengthening the governance among the parties included in the making and implementation of policies in regards to the topic of city health and health environment. It shall be a journal as a reference source for the decision support mechanisms on the topics of formation of health cities.</p> <p>City Health Journal is an internationally peer-reviewed journal that aims to serve as an effective tool for the researchers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and public institutions working on the fields of health and urbanisation to share their scientific assessments, research findings and analyses.</p> <p>Scientific studies that enable points intersecting between the two different disciplines of city and health to be analysed on a joint platform. Study and research conclusions on topics such as city health emergencies, local preparedness against health emergencies, city health development plan, social participation, health impact evaluation, poverty, social determinants of health, social services, sustainable development, transportation, environment and health, city management and city planning shall be taken into assessment to be used in the journal.</p> <p>Each paper submitted to City Health Journal is initially assessed by editor. Afterwards, the peer review process commences for the selected papers. Double-blind review hiding names of authors is utilised during the reviewing process for <em>the papers submitted to City Health Journal</em>. Papers may be submitted electronically by using the below link on the website of the journal. There is no application or publishing fee for submitting your paper. Authors have to present their ORCID numbers during application.</p> Alban Tanıtım en-US City Health Journal Living Well with Kidney Disease by Patient and Care-Partner Empowerment: Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere http://cityhealthj.org/index.php/cityhealthj/article/view/9 <p>Living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with hardships for patients and their care-partners. Empowering patients and their care-partners, including family members or friends involved in their care, may help minimize the burden and consequences of CKD related symptoms to enable life participation. There is a need to broaden the focus on living well with kidney disease and re-engagement in life, including an emphasis on patients being in control. The World Kidney Day (WKD) Joint Steering Committee has declared 2021 the year of “Living Well with Kidney Disease” in an effort to increase education and awareness on the important goal of patient empowerment and life participation. This calls for the development and implementation of validated patient-reported outcome measures to assess and address areas of life participation in routine care. It could be supported by regulatory agencies as a metric for quality care or to support labelling claims for medicines and devices. Funding agencies could establish targeted calls for research that address the priorities of patients. Patients with kidney disease and their care-partners should feel supported to live well through concerted efforts by kidney care communities including during pandemics. In the overall wellness program for kidney disease patients, the need for prevention should be reiterated. Early detection with a prolonged course of wellness despite kidney disease, after effective secondary and tertiary prevention programs, should be promoted.&nbsp;WKD 2021 continues to call for increased awareness of the importance of preventive measures throughout populations, professionals, and policy makers, applicable to both developed and developing countries.</p> Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Philip Li Ekamol Tantisattamo Latha Kumaraswami Vassilios Liakopoulos Siu-Fai Lui Ifeoma Ulasi Sharon Andreoli Alessandro Balducci Sophie Dupuis Tess Harris Anne Hradsky Richard Knight Sajay Kumar Maggie Ng Alice Poidevin Gamal Saadi Allison Tong Copyright (c) 2021 City Health Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-30 2021-03-30 2 1 04 11 COVID-19 Surveillance Using Wastewater-Based Epidemiology http://cityhealthj.org/index.php/cityhealthj/article/view/8 <p>COVID-19 outbrake caused by the new type of Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) first reported in Wuhan, China on December 12, 2019, and then spread all over the world and became a global pandemic. Nearly 43 million case and more than one million deaths around the world<br />have been confirmed by 26 October 2020. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, numerous social distancing and quarantine practices have been implemented worldwide to combat the outbreak. When implementing such measures, it is critical to accurately determine the magnitude of the outbreak. Wastewater-based epidemiology is one of the epidemic monitoring methods recommended by the World Health Organization. While it is known that testing individuals for SARS-CoV-2 can lead to false negative results and misleading cases, and moreover, considering that it is not possible to test each individual, monitoring wastewater has the potential to reveal the true picture<br />of the extent of the epidemic. In this study, the wastewater-based epidemiology method was discussed to be used as an auxiliary tool in determining the magnitude of the COVID-19 outbreak and controlling the epidemic; The current situation, limitations and future suggestions have been put forward. In addition, studies for determining the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater, environmental permanence and treatment were also evaluated.</p> Zeynep Eren Başak Savun Hekimoğlu Copyright (c) 2021 City Health Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-30 2021-03-30 2 1 12 19 Tobacco Use of The World and Turkey in Epidemiyoloji http://cityhealthj.org/index.php/cityhealthj/article/view/11 <p>Prevalence of use of tobacco and tobacco products are mentioned in the world and Turkey. In our study, it was included in which countries tobacco and tobacco products are used more in the world. Developed and developing countries were compared in terms of smoking. The smoking profile in these countries was also examined in terms of age and gender. Turkey, given the rate of use of tobacco and tobacco products. Also given women and men and their smoking rate in Turkey has been mentioned age to start using tobacco in the country. The smoking rates of people with different educational backgrounds were compared. It has been shown that how many billion packs of cigarette consumption per year in countries are and that smoking causes great economic losses. It was mentioned that smoking causes various diseases and the process of discovering these negative aspects of smoking. It has been observed that the consumption of tobacco and tobacco products causes various diseases such as lung cancer, COPD, cardiovascular diseases, erectile dysfunction, and this consumption may also lead to psychiatric problems such as anxiety and depression. In order to prevent the unconscious consumption of cigarettes from being so easily accessible, a method such as “Smoking License” that prevents the sale of cigarettes to everyone has been<br />presented as a solution proposal. In order to support this, it has been suggested to raise awareness of the public through education.</p> İsmet Türkoğlu Çağatay Çadır M. İslam Çetin Copyright (c) 2021 City Health Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-30 2021-03-30 2 1 20 25 COVID-19 Pandemic Management and Results of Turkey http://cityhealthj.org/index.php/cityhealthj/article/view/10 <p>As the year of 2019 ends in China, the country known as its crowded population per meter square despite making up the biggest part of asia in field wise, a new virus type from the coronaviridae family, a family we know as the cause of previous endemics in various locations, has been recorded. The virus we name SARS-CoV-2 today, has spread quickly all over the world and become a global problem. Approximately a month later the first group of cases from China has been reported to World Health Organization (WHO), in the beginning of January 2020 Turkish Ministry of Health has constitute the Coronavirus Scientific Advisory Board. As it acknowledged that the virus can effect people from all ages and sexes, can spread very quickly, could cause serious complications and death meanwhile it keeps increase in numbers of cases and indications from all around the world; resulted of WHO’s announcement this outbreak has become a pandemic in the 11th of March, 2020. At the same date Turkey’s first COVID-19 case has been recorded. Following that, in 17th of March the first COVID-19 related death of Turkey has also been recorded. At the end of March pandemic councils has been counseled and after that lots of restrictions with prohibitions started to join our daily lives aiming on the purpose of outbreak management. With the begining of April it’s informed the virus has widespread in Turkey. Despite of on going simultaneous drug development and vaccine studies, failing outbreak management prompt the FDA to grant Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for some vaccines which completed their phase 3 clinical trials. Turkey still endeavors to get the outbreak under control with intermittent lockdowns, transportation restrictions, filiation studies, social isolation, personal protection equipment use, social media tools and broadcasts also with the hard work of healthcare professionals. This review article’s aim is evaluation of current situation of the COVID-19 outbreak, progress and management in Turkey.</p> Bensu Eser Merve Özer Türkan Eda Çiçek Copyright (c) 2021 City Health Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-30 2021-03-30 2 1 26 34